GBF 2021 - Fall Newsletter

References Cooke, S., Lapointe, L., and J. Smol. (2021). Canada is failing its freshwater fish populations. Globe and Mail, 5 March. Available at: theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-canada-isfailing-its-freshwater-fish-populations/ Elias, J. and M. Meyer. (2003). Comparisons of undeveloped and developed shorelands, northern Wisconsin, and recommendations for restoration. Wetlands. 23(4): 800–816. Fathom6 Research. (2013). Freshwater Insights Canada 2013. A National Survey of Canadian Attitudes On Fresh Water–High Level Findings. Kipp, S. and C. Callaway. (2003). On the Living Edge: Your Handbook for Waterfront Living. Rideau Valley Conservation Authority. Love Your Lake. (2020). Love Your Lake 2013–2019 Summary Report. Watersheds Canada. Available at: watersheds.ca/our-work/love-your-lake/ WWF-Canada. (2020). Great Lakes Basin Watershed Report. World Wildlife Fund Canada. Available at: watershedreports.wwf.ca/ Zhang, X., Liu, X., Zhang, M., Dahlgren, R.A. and M. Eitzel. (2010). A Review of Vegetated Buffers and a Meta-analysis of Their Mitigation Efficacy in Reducing Nonpoint Source Pollution. J. Environ. Qual., 39: 76–84. Fragrant White Water Lily (Nymphaea odorata) is an example of a floating aquatic plant as it has most or all of its leaves floating freely on the water's surface. Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is a perennial wildflower that blooms a beautiful pink/lavender flower between July and September. Start enhancing in-and near-water habitat this fall by doing…nothing! Fallen branches, leaves, and downed trees in the water and along the shoreline act as a valuable landwater interface for species like northern map turtle and great blue heron and provide protection for fish and frogs. You likely already have some of these features on your property and they simply need to be left alone if it is safe for you to do so. As for aquatic vegetation, you may have seen these plants and not thought about their many amazing benefits—aside from being beautiful! Aquatic vegetation absorbs wave energy, protects water quality, produces oxygen, takes up nutrients, stabilizes shorelines and bottom sediments, and protects against invasive species and algae competition. They keep busy! In order to experience these full benefits on your property, you are best to manually clear a small path through any existing aquatic vegetation so you can get to deeper waters. You then leave the rest untouched. Additional resources If you are looking for more information about taking local action, please visit watersheds.ca/resources to access free fish habitat enhancement guides, plant care guides, and self-assessment tools to help you protect Georgian Bay for years to come. loose soils that may be vulnerable to erosion, ice push, and boat wakes. Any sized buffer is better than no buffer at all! Remember that your buffer can be completely customized based on your preferences and budget. Leave it alone. Protecting and enhancing in-and near-water habitat Another critical component of a resilient shoreline is the presence of different types of habitat features which provide shade and protection for fish, turtles, andmacroinvertebrates. GBF.ORG | FALL 2021 | 5

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